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PHELAN, TEXAS. Phelan, two miles north of Bastrop in central Bastrop County, was the site of a lignite coal mining community that flourished briefly in the early twentieth century. A post office opened in 1905, and the town possibly drew its name from one of the postmasters, J. C. Phelan. A school was established about 1910 for the children of the mostly Mexican miners of the Independence Mining Company, later the Phelan Mining Company. In 1914 the community had a general store and a population of 800. By 1925 the population had dropped to 200, and the post office was closed in 1931. Phelan still had a school for Mexican children in 1933.


William Henry Korges, Bastrop County, Texas: Historical and Educational Development (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1933). Bill Moore, Bastrop County, 1691–1900 (Wichita Falls: Nortex, 1977).

Paula Mitchell Marks


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Paula Mitchell Marks, "PHELAN, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed September 02, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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