JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. Under the Constitution of the Republic of Texas and the constitutions of 1845 and 1861,qqv two justices of the peace were elected biennially from each militia captain's precinct. The Constitution of 1866 lengthened the term to four years. The Constitution of 1869 provided for five justices of the peace elected from precincts for four-year terms. The Constitution of 1876 provided that every Texas county was to be divided into not less than four nor more than eight justice of the peace precincts and that a justice of the peace be elected biennially from each such precinct. If a precinct includes a city of 8,000 or more, a second justice of the peace is elected. A constitutional amendment in 1954 extended the term of office to four years. The main duties of the justices of the peace are to preside over the justice court and to act as coroner; he may also conduct marriage ceremonies.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Dick Smith, "Justice of the Peace," accessed July 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/jqj01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.