TEJANO CONJUNTO FESTIVAL
TEJANO CONJUNTO FESTIVAL. The Tejano Conjunto Festival, an annual music event, was organized by the Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center under director Juan Tejeda in San Antonio in 1982. The event has become nationally known for its presentation of the Texas-Mexican conjunto, a musical form that evolved from música norteña and was developed by Texas-Mexican working-class musicians, beginning with Narciso Martínez, the "father" of conjunto music.
The festival occurs over a few days each May, generally over a weekend, but the event has lasted as long as a full week. It features many hours of live entertainment, in which dancing by the audience is encouraged. Several dozen traditional, popular, and progressive conjuntos led by such established musicians as Fred Zimmerle, Roberto Pulido, and Esteban Jordan, have appeared at the event each year. Musicians from Northern Mexico, the origin of conjunto, have also participated in the festival, and the organizers have occasionally included Cajun and zydeco accordionists. In addition, such female conjunto musicians as Eva Ybarra, Lupita Rodela, and Laura Canales have performed at the festival.
The festival program has often been divided into different areas to accommodate the many conjunto playing techniques. Some have been set aside for groups that represent the roots of conjunto, while others feature groups that embody lo mejor (the best) of San Antonio, or bands that have a new conjunto sound through the addition of a synthesizer or such instruments as the saxophone. The annual Tejano Conjunto Festival poster competition and accordion student recitals complement the occasion. Other activities to celebrate landmarks in the conjunto tradition have also become part of the festival.
The Conjunto Music Hall of Fame, established in 1982, has inducted more than seventy musicians, including several women. In addition, at the 1986 gathering, which marked the golden anniversary of recorded conjunto music, Narciso Martínez, who made his first record in 1936, was recognized. On many occasions the city of San Antonio has proclaimed May "Conjunto Music Month" and hosted special performances by various conjunto artists, including Valerio Longoria, a veteran conjunto innovator, on the steps of City Hall. In 2015 the event, held in Rosedale Park, marked the festival’s thirty-fourth anniversary.
Since its founding more than three decades ago, the Tejano Conjunto Festival has grown in popularity, drawing a diverse and large audience from around the country and from abroad. Some have estimated the attendance at 40,000.
Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center, Tejano Conjunto Festival en San Antonio (http://www.guadalupeculturalarts.org/tejano-conjunto-festival/), accessed August 26, 2015. The Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center Presents the Eleventh Annual Tejano Conjunto Festival en San Antonio, 1992 (San Antonio: Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center, 1992). Tejano Conjunto Festival en San Antonio, 1991 (San Antonio: Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center, 1991). Juan Tejeda and Avelardo Valdez, ed. ¡Puro Conjunto! An Album in Words and Pictures (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Teresa Palomo Acosta, "Tejano Conjunto Festival," accessed May 05, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/lkt10.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on August 26, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles