QUAPAW TREATY. By the treaty between the Quapaw Nation and the United States, made on November 15, 1824, the Quapaws ceded their ancestral land in Arkansas and agreed to move to Caddo territory south of the Red River to become part of the Caddo Nation. They were given land on Bayou Treache, an area subject to yearly flooding, and lost their crops year after year. Furthermore they were never accepted by the Caddos. Part of the Quapaws returned to Arkansas and attempted to regain part of their territory and assimilate with the white settlers. This effort proved futile, and in another treaty in 1833 they ceded the land on Bayou Treache and were assigned land west of the Missouri state line. Of those Quapaws who remained in Texas, part lived with the Cherokees and were involved in the treaty with the Cherokees in 1846, and part were allied with the Comanches and signed the treaty with the Comanche and allied bands, also in 1846. Some Quapaws also signed a treaty with the Republic of Texas in February 1836.
W. David Baird, "The Reduction of a People: The Quapaw Removal, 1824–1834," Red River Valley Historical Review 1 (Spring 1974). Charles J. Kappler, comp. and ed., Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, Vol. 2 (Washington: GPO, 1904; rpt., as Indian Treaties, 1778–1883, New York: Interland, 1972).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.John G. Johnson, "QUAPAW TREATY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/mgq01), accessed February 12, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles