PRESIDIALES. Presidiales technically were soldiers attached to a Spanish presidio, but the term was often loosely applied to other military forces. The usual personnel of a presidial company at full strength was one captain, one lieutenant, one first-degree ensign, one second-degree ensign, a chaplain, an armorer, two sergeants, a drummer, four corporals, four riflemen, and fifty-six soldiers. Spanish soldiers were regarded as employees of the government and were required to provide their own uniforms, horses, arms, and food. Soldiers had to provide personally for the welfare of their families, if any, even on the frontier.
Frank W. Blackman, Spanish Institutions of the Southwest (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1891; rpt., Glorieta, New Mexico: Rio Grande Press, 1976). Francis de Burgos, The Administration of Teodoro de Croix, Commander-General of the Provincias Internas de Mexico, 1776–1783 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1927).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article."PRESIDIALES," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qhp01), accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on September 19, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles