TWELFTH TEXAS INFANTRY
TWELFTH TEXAS INFANTRY. The Twelfth Texas Infantry was organized and mustered into service at Waco, Texas, in the spring of 1862. It is often mistakenly referred to as the Eighth Texas Infantry. It comprised ten companies, lettered A to K, with men from several Texas counties including Bosque, Brazos, Comanche, Freestone, Grimes, Hill, Lavaca, McLennan, Milam, Red River, and Rusk. The regimental commander was Col. Overton Young. Other field officers were Lt. Col. William Clark, Lt. Col. James W. Raine, and Maj. Erastus W. Smith. The regiment was assigned to Waul's Texas Legion and served in Walker's Texas Division.
By October 1862 the regiment was transferred to the LaFourche District of Louisiana. From this point to war's end the regiment saw an extensive amount of combat in Louisiana and Arkansas. The regiment took part in the following battles during the Red River campaign—Mansfield on April 8, 1864, Pleasant Hill on April 9, 1864, and Jenkins' Ferry on April 30, 1864. The regiment spent the summer of 1864 in Central Arkansas and was eventually ordered to Marshall, Texas, in the early spring of 1865. The regiment then marched to Hempstead, Texas, where it was among the forces surrendered by Gen. E. Kirby Smith on May 23, 1865.
Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, Virgina: Derwent, 1987). Vertical File, Texas Heritage Museum, Hill College, Hillsboro, Texas. Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, James A. Hathcock, "Twelfth Texas Infantry," accessed September 27, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt27.
Uploaded on April 5, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.