Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


CHAPARROSA CREEK. Chaparrosa Creek rises in two branches near the Anacacho Mountains and the Kinney-Maverick county line in southeastern Kinney County (at 29°04' N, 100°10' W) and runs southeast for seventeen miles across the extreme northeastern corner of Maverick County to its mouth on Turkey Creek, near Johnson Lake in west central Zavala County (at 28°49' N, 100°00' W). The creek's West Prong rises in the southeastern corner of Kinney County (at 29°07' N, 100°15' W) and runs for eight miles to its confluence with the East Prong, which rises near the Anacacho Mountains (at 29°13' N, 100°09' W) and runs for fourteen miles. Members of the Bosque-Larios expedition, who were at the headwaters of the stream in 1675, reported that the Indians there called it Ona, which they said meant salty, but the Spaniards renamed the stream Rio de San Isidro Labrador. Father Damián Massanet, who encountered the stream nearer its mouth in 1691, wrote that the Indians called it Guanapacti. He also added another name, calling the stream Arroyo de San Lucas. The name Chaparrosa is derived from the Spanish word meaning scrub oak and refers to the thick growth which covers part of the area. The creek crosses flat terrain with local shallow depressions, surfaced by clay and sandy loams that support water-tolerant hardwoods, some conifers, and grasses.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"CHAPARROSA CREEK," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.