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CRISWELL CREEK (FAYETTE COUNTY)

CRISWELL CREEK (Fayette County). Criswell Creek rises about a mile west of the Southern Pacific tracks and 2½ miles southwest of West Point in northwestern Fayette County (at 29°54' N, 97°03' W) and runs northeast for about five miles, crossing the Southern Pacific tracks, State Highway 71, and the Missouri, Kansas and Texas tracks, before reaching its mouth on the Colorado River (at 29°58' N, 97°01' W). South of West Point the creek traverses an area with a fine sandy loam surface soil over a very firm clay subsoil. This land is of marginal value for agriculture and is used primarily as cattle pasture. Between West Point and the Colorado River the stream runs through gently rolling terrain surfaced by firm calcareous clay layers overlying gravel deposits. This land produces good corn and hay crops, but much of the soil has been stripped to allow access to the gravel. The creek is probably named for John Yancy Criswell, an original settler in the area who in July 1835 accompanied John Henry Moore in an expedition against the Tawakoni (or Tehuacana) Indians.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Leonie Rummel Weyand and Houston Wade, An Early History of Fayette County (La Grange, Texas: La Grange Journal, 1936).

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Handbook of Texas Online, "Criswell Creek (Fayette County)," accessed May 25, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbcrm.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.