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FIRST ELM CREEK. First Elm Creek rises four miles northwest of Artesia Wells in western La Salle County (at 28°20' N, 99°20' W) and runs southeast for five miles to its mouth on Las Raices Creek, a half mile south of Artesia Wells (at 28°16' N, 99°17' W). It traverses low-rolling to flat terrain with some locally shallow depressions, surfaced by clay and sandy loams that support grasses, mesquite, and chaparral in the creek's upper reaches and water-tolerant hardwoods and grasses in its lower.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"FIRST ELM CREEK," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 04, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.