INDEPENDENCE CREEK. Independence Creek rises 1½ miles east of U.S. Highway 285 in eastern Pecos County (at 30°30' N, 102°32' W) and runs southeast sixty miles to its mouth on the Pecos River, two miles southwest of the Dunlap Ranch headquarters in eastern Terrell County (at 30°27' N, 101°43' W). Eleven tributaries join Independence Creek: Hackberry Draw, North Draw, Harral Draw, Seventeen Draw, Surveyor Canyon, Mitchell Draw, Deer Canyon, Horsehead Canyon, Oil Well Canyon, Dry Creek, and North Canyon. The course of Independence Creek dissects massive limestone on flat plains, traverses caliche on rolling terrain, and crosses wash deposits on steep to gentle slopes. Generally dark, calcareous stony clays and clay loams support cacti, scrub brush, creosote bush, oaks, junipers, grasses, and mesquites. In October 1875 Lt. Andrew Geddes, with two companies of cavalry and Black Seminole scouts, crossed the Pecos River at the mouth of Independence Creek in pursuit of raiding Indians. Henry Packingham established an early ranch on Independence Creek. He reported 1,000 cattle at his Independence Creek ranch on the 1890 county tax roll.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Independence Creek," accessed September 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbi36.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.