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LIVE OAK BAYOU

LIVE OAK BAYOU. Live Oak (Liveoak) Bayou, formerly known as Liveoak Creek, rises in Bay Prairie four miles east of Bay City in eastern Matagorda County (at 28°59' N, 95°52' W). The stream, intermittent in its upper reaches, flows southeast for nineteen miles before crossing the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. Beyond the waterway, the streambed empties into Live Oak Bay, part of East Matagorda Bay, just east of Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge (at 28°45' N, 95°46' W). Chinquapin is located near its mouth. The creek flows through a flat, flood-prone area where clay and sandy loams mainly support water-tolerant hardwoods and grasses. As Live Oak Bayou nears the coast, the terrain grows increasingly swampy and is dotted with many small lakes; low ridges flank the streams. Early settler Isaac Van Dorn made his home on Live Oak Bayou. Local histories report that in the winter of 1826 two families of white settlers who had settled on the bayou were killed by Karankawa Indians. Around 1879 the first barbed wire fence in the county was installed along the northern border of Frank Hawkins's ranch, from Peyton's Creek east to Live Oak Bayou.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Matagorda County Historical Commission, Historic Matagorda County (3 vols., 1986–88).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "Live Oak Bayou," accessed December 07, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rblam.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.