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PENDENCIA CREEK

PENDENCIA CREEK. Pendencia Creek rises eleven miles west of Carrizo Springs in northwestern Dimmit County (at 28°31' N, 100°04' W) and runs northeast for fifteen miles to its mouth on Comanche Creek, eleven miles west of Crystal City in southwestern Zavala County (at 28°42' N, 99°59' W). Its name is Spanish for "quarrel" or "brawl." It first crosses an area of rolling terrain with local scarps, surfaced by dark clay that supports mesquite, grasses, and cacti. The creek later descends to flat terrain with locally shallow depressions, surfaced by clay and sandy loams that support water-tolerant hardwoods and grasses. Pendencia Creek was reportedly the site of some of the first settlements in Dimmit County. Sources indicate that a number of black families, led by John Townsend of Nacogdoches, attempted to establish a settlement on the creek shortly before the Civil War. Harassment by Indians, however, forced abandonment of the site. A few years later, not long after the Civil War, some of the original settlers of Carrizo Springs moved out to establish ranches along the Pendencia.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
San Antonio Express, October 5, 1952. Paul S. Taylor, "Historical Note on Dimmit County, Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 34 (October 1930).

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Handbook of Texas Online, "Pendencia Creek," accessed July 31, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbp68.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.