Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


AYISH BAYOU. Ayish Bayou rises about seven miles north of San Augustine in northern San Augustine County, near the Shelby county line (at 31°37' N, 94°06' W). Before the development of Sam Rayburn Reservoir, the stream ran southeast for forty-seven miles through central San Augustine County before disemboguing into the Angelina River in northern Jasper County (at 31°04' N, 94°05' W). With the impoundment of the reservoir, the lower reaches of the creek were inundated. The banks of the stream are heavily wooded in places with pine and hardwood trees; the terrain is nearly level to moderately steep and surfaced by loamy and clayey soils that support farming and lumbering. The stream's name is probably a variant of that of the Ais Indians, who lived in the area. About 1820 the bayou became the site of the earliest settlements in what later became San Augustine County.


George L. Crocket, Two Centuries in East Texas (Dallas: Southwest, 1932; facsimile reprod., 1962).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"AYISH BAYOU," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.