APACHE MOUNTAINS. The Apache Mountains stretch from south central to southeastern Culberson County a mile northeast of Kent (their center point is 31°11' N, 104°21' W). The highest elevation within the Apaches is 5,650 feet above sea level. The mountains, presumably named for the Mescalero Apaches who roamed the area until the late nineteenth century, are one of three exposed portions of the largest fossil reef in the world (the others are the Guadalupe Mountains in northwestern Culberson County and the Glass Mountains in Brewster County). The reef was formed during Permian times, some 250 million years ago, when the area was submerged in the Delaware basin. Lime-secreting algae were the main reef-builders, with some sponges, bryozoans, and brachiopods; their remains and the lime they secreted formed the reef. The Apaches are steep and rocky with local deep and dense dissection. The shallow, stony soil surface supports oak, live oak, juniper, mesquite, piñon, and grasses. During the 1960s barite was mined from open pits in the Seven Heart Gap area of the Apaches, and some production of zinc was reported from the Buck Prospect.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Apache Mountains," accessed December 08, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rja13.
Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.