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BLUE MOUNTAIN (WINKLER COUNTY)

BLUE MOUNTAIN (Winkler County). Blue Mountain is fourteen miles northeast of Kermit and forty-two miles northwest of Odessa in northeastern Winkler County. It is part of the southern escarpment of the Llano Estacado and the Caprock,qqv and its summit rises 3,392 feet above sea level. The mountain has a long history of human occupation. In 1938 an archeological study of two rockshelters there revealed numerous projectile points, some awls, beads, scrapers, and a knife, and some pottery thought to be of Pueblo origin. The study noted about thirty pictographs in the shelters and more than 100 rare boat-shaped mortar holes similar to those found in Garza and Coke counties. Archeologists have been unable to determine precisely the cultures that lived at Blue Mountain. According to Jim Cook, a former Comanche captive living in Odessa in 1932, the Blue Mountain rockshelters were occupied by Comanches in the nineteenth century. In the 1970s most of the pictographs at Blue Mountain were destroyed by smoke when people built fires in the rockshelters.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
William Curry Holden, "Blue Mountain Rock Shelter," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological and Paleontological Society 10 (1938). Odessa News-Times, September 9, 1932.

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Handbook of Texas Online, "Blue Mountain (Winkler County)," accessed July 27, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rjb54.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.