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CHINATI MOUNTAINS

CHINATI MOUNTAINS. The Chinati Mountains are between Pinto Canyon on the northwest and Cibolo Creek on the south and east in southwestern Presidio County (at 29°54' N, 104°28' W). Their elevations range from 4,605 to 7,728 feet above sea level. Chinati Peak is the highest point in the range, which is elliptical in shape and runs from northwest to southeast for fourteen miles. The Chinatis are a series of terraced and dissected mesas cut by rugged canyons in all directions, formed from several superimposed flows of igneous rock. Vegetation in the area consists primarily of sparse grasses, cacti, and desert conifer and oak shrubs. In the 1880s mining developed in the range when John Spencer found silver-bearing ore near the site of present Shafter. The Presidio Mine, which resulted from his strike, produced over $20 million worth of silver between 1883 and 1941.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Paul H. Carlson, "The Discovery of Silver in West Texas," West Texas Historical Association Year Book 54 (1978).

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Handbook of Texas Online, "Chinati Mountains," accessed August 31, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rjc35.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.