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CIENEGA MOUNTAINS. Cienega Mountains are three miles west of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in south central Presidio County (at 29°47' N, 104°10' W). At an elevation of 5,315 feet above sea level, the summit rises 1,515 feet higher than Cienega Creek, on the western edge of the mountains. Cienega Mountains are formed by a Tertiary intrusion and are surrounded by alluvial deposits of pebbles and cobbles that support scrub brush, sparse grasses, and desert shrubs of conifers and oaks. In the 1880s Lawrence Haley ranched in the area of the Cienega Mountains. A legend claims that friendly Indians led him to the Valle de los Cienegas, or the Valley of the Marshes.


Virginia Madison and Hallie Stillwell, How Come It's Called That? Place Names in the Big Bend Country (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1958).


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"CIENEGA MOUNTAINS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed September 02, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.