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HIDALGO BLUFFS. Hidalgo Bluffs (Hidalgo Bluff), an early Brazos River landmark, is off Farm Road 1935 six miles upriver from what was once Washington-on-the-Brazos and three miles from William Penn in northeastern Washington County (at 30°20' N, 96°15' W). The escarpment appears abruptly over the Brazos River and separates the middle Brazos from its less-navigable upper reaches. These steep sandstone cliffs helped boats navigate the Brazos during the era of Antebellum Texas. Hidalgo, the settlement on top of the cliffs, had a river landing below Hidalgo Bluffs during the Republic of Texas era. Sandstone rock from the Hidalgo Bluffs extends across the Brazos River to form Hidalgo Falls, a hazard during the era of steamboat navigation. In the mid-1980s Hidalgo Bluffs was the site of Sommers Gin, the last operating gin in Washington County. Also at the site were three small cemeteries of early settlers.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Pamela A. Puryear and Nath Winfield, Jr., Sandbars and Sternwheelers: Steam Navigation on the Brazos (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1976). Judy and Nath Winfield, Jr., Cemetery Records of Washington County, 1826–1960 (MS, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin, 1974).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Hidalgo Bluffs," accessed April 30, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rjh35.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.