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INDIANOLA PEAK. Indianola Peak, also known as Elephant Tusk, is in the Chisos Mountains twelve miles southwest of Panther Junction in Big Bend National Park, southern Brewster County (at 29°09' N, 103°16' W). The peak, at an elevation of 5,249 feet above sea level, rises 1,650 feet above Fresno Creek, two miles northeast. Soils on the peak are shallow and stony and support scrub brush and grasses. Arthur A. Stiles and Stuart T. Penick, who surveyed the area for cartographic purposes in 1902, named the peak Elephant Tusk for its appearance.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"INDIANOLA PEAK," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.