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MUSQUIZ CREEK. Musquiz Creek rises three miles northeast of the Puertecitas Mountains and nine miles south of Fort Davis in southern Jeff Davis County (at 30°29' N, 103°53' W) and runs northeast for fifty-one miles, across northern Brewster County, to its mouth on Antelope Draw, four miles west of U.S. Highway 67 in western Pecos County (at 30°39' N, 103°20' W). The combined streams continue as Coyanosa Draw. Musquiz Creek crosses generally rolling terrain with gentle to moderately steep slopes, surfaced by shallow and stony soils that support scrub brush, creosote bush, cacti, and sparse grasses. In its upper reaches the creek passes through Musquiz Canyon. Both canyon and creek are named for Manuel Músquiz, a Mexican political refugee who settled about seven miles from Fort Davis in 1854. Indians attacked the Musquiz Ranch during the Civil War, and by the end of the conflict, with the fort abandoned, Músquiz had fled to Mexico. The ruins of his ranch buildings still stood around 1907, when an old grave was discovered to have been dug up there. Beneath the rotted coffin and disintegrating bones was a depression, now empty, in the earth, with the footprints of a man, a woman, and a burro leading away from the grave. Area residents speculated that members of the Musquiz family had returned from Mexico to dig up some long-buried treasure, but the story was never confirmed.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"MUSQUIZ CREEK," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.