LAKE TRAVIS. Lake Travis is a sixty-five-mile-long artificial lake on the Colorado River in southern Burnet and western Travis counties (its center point is 30°25' N, 98°00' W). In December 1936 the United States Department of the Interior authorized the Lower Colorado River Authority to construct a low dam at the site of an old crossing on the river known as Marshall Ford. Marshall Ford Dam was completed in July 1939. The present Mansfield Dam, a 7,098-foot-long concrete, earth, and rockfill structure that replaced the original dam, was completed in May 1942. Deliberate impoundment began in September 1940. The cost of the project was $28,709,948. The capacity of Lake Travis is 1,950,000 acre-feet, of which 778,000 acre-feet is reserved for flood control; the surface area of the lake is 18,930 acres. The power installation consists of three generating units with a rated capacity of 22,500 kilowatts, each with all the allied equipment for connecting to the transmission system. The drainage area above the dam is 38,130 square miles, of which 11,900 is probably noncontributing. Runoff is partly regulated by Lake Buchanan and other reservoirs upstream. The lake has become a major resort area that provides opportunities for boating, fishing, swimming, and camping.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Seth D. Breeding, "Lake Travis," accessed March 30, 2017, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rol79.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.