LEONCITA SPRINGS. The Leoncita Springs are a group of historically important springs 18½ miles northeast of Alpine in Brewster County (at 30°39' N, 103°26' W). Many artifacts, such as stone projectile points and metates, have been found at the site, attesting to its long occupation by Indians. The Spaniard Juan Domínguez de Mendoza was guided to these springs by Indians in 1684. Various old maps refer to them as Barrancas or Barnabas Springs. From 1857 to 1883 there was a stage station at the springs, on the San Antonio to El Paso route through Musquiz Canyon. In 1859 Lt. William Echols stopped here with his camel train (see CAMELS). Gen. Henry H. Sibley's command passed the springs in 1861, calling them McColmes Springs, and the freighter August Santleben, stopping there in 1869, recorded them as Leon Seto Springs. The springs issue from Cretaceous rock adjacent to an igneous uplift, giving rise to Paisano Creek. In 1976 the springs still flowed 4½ liters a second, though the average discharge has decreased. During the 1980s the springs were on private property.
Gunnar Brune, Springs of Texas, Vol. 1 (Fort Worth: Branch-Smith, 1981).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Gunnar Brune, "LEONCITA SPRINGS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rpl05), accessed February 10, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles