MONCLOVA, COAHUILA, MEXICO
MONCLOVA, COAHUILA, MEXICO. Monclova, once capital of Texas, was founded in 1674 by Antonio de Balcárcel at a site called Nuevo Almadén and renamed by him Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe. Later the town also bore the name Leona Vicario, in honor of the wife of Quintana Roo. As headquarters of Alonso De León when he made his expeditions into Texas in 1689 and 1690, Monclova was the first colonial capital of Texas. With the establishment of the state of Coahuila and Texas, Saltillo was made the provincial capital. In 1833 the quarrel between Centralists and Federalists for control of the Mexican government caused a feud between Monclova and Saltillo, both of which wanted to be capital and to profit from the resulting concentration of land speculators. Monclova became capital on March 9, 1833, and was confirmed as such in 1834 by Antonio López de Santa Anna. By that time Texas had small interest in the matter.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Monclova, Coahuila, Mexico," accessed May 04, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/usm03.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles