ASLEEP AT THE WHEEL
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ASLEEP AT THE WHEEL. Asleep at the Wheel is a musical band that plays western swing, jazz, boogie-woogie, country, and American roots music. Founded and led by Ray Benson (born Ray Benson Seifert), the band’s career has included multiple Grammy awards, collaborations with iconic music legends, forays into musical theater, four decades of touring, and recording more than twenty-five albums.
The band was first formed in 1970 by Ray Benson in Paw Paw, West Virginia. With steel player Reuben Gosfield (known as Lucky Oceans), and rhythm guitarist Leroy Preston, the band began playing locally, then regionally, and was soon securing high profile spots opening for diverse headliners including Alice Cooper and Hot Tuna. The group soon added female vocalist Chris O’Connell. Benson’s love for American roots music and western swing caught the ear of seminal western swing revivalist Commander Cody, whose band, the Lost Planet Airmen, was gaining prominence in California. They urged Benson to move to California, and in 1971 Asleep at the Wheel relocated to Oakland, California.
Asleep at the Wheel had increasing numbers of fans coming to their concerts, and established musicians became fans as well. Legendary Irish rocker Van Morrison was one such fan who mentioned the band in an interview with Rolling Stone magazine, giving them precious national exposure early in their existence. This mention is widely believed to have encouraged United Artists to offer the young band their first record contract, and in 1973 their debut album Comin’ Right At Ya was released.
Although the music scene in California was vibrant, Benson found himself embraced by the burgeoning “cosmic cowboy” movement exploding in Austin, Texas. Supporters such as Willie Nelson and Doug Sahm urged Benson to again relocate his band, to the “Live Music Capital of the World,” and as their debut album gained critical and popular success, Asleep at the Wheel moved to the city that would be its home for the next four decades.
They signed with Epic, and their second album, called Asleep at the Wheel, contained a cover of the jazz boogie standard “Choo Choo Ch’Boogie.” When released as a single, the song found fast and widespread success and became the band’s first single to appear on the national charts in 1974. The following year, their album Texas Gold, on Capitol Records, produced their first Top 10 country chart hit, “The Letter That Johnny Walker Read.” The band appeared on one of the first broadcasts of the public television show Austin City Limits, elevating their exposure and helping launch one of the most successful and influential music programs in television history. Only five years after their creation, Asleep at the Wheel had found their niche in the progressive country music scene and had become one of the most popular and successful acts to emerge from Austin.
Throughout the rest of the 1970s, Asleep at the Wheel continued to ride a wave of success, winning accolades from Rolling Stone magazine and the Academy of Country Music, Grammy-award nominations, international tours, and an appearance in a movie. They won their first Grammy, for country instrumental “One O’Clock Jump,” in 1978. They recorded their first live album Served Live at the Austin Opry House in 1979.
In the 1980s the band underwent significant changes. The departure of founding member Lucky Oceans and the subsequent departure of the female vocalist Chris O’Connell who had helped define their sound changed the band’s lineup considerably. The band signed with MCA but later returned to Epic Records. Benson and the band continued to tour and release albums, expanding their output to include commercial and movie soundtrack work. Benson also began producing other acts. By the late 1980s, Asleep at the Wheel had rebounded from the changes and released two of their most successful albums, 10 (1987) and Western Standard Time (1988); the band earned two Grammy awards. Asleep at the Wheel was inducted into the Texas Western Swing Hall of Fame in 1993.
By 1995, when Asleep at the Wheel celebrated their twenty-fifth anniversary, they had begun a celebration of the music of the Father of Western Swing, Bob Wills. They released an album entitled A Tribute to the Music of Bob Wills (1993), which included a stellar lineup of guest artists including Garth Brooks, George Strait, and Vince Gill. The album won two Grammys, and the band repeated that success in 1999 with the album A Ride With Bob. Also featuring an array of guest stars, the album was accompanied by a documentary film entitled The Making of a Ride With Bob, which won a regional Emmy Award. The album won two Grammys and catalyzed the band’s next major creative challenge.
In between major tours with stars including George Strait and Bob Dylan, recording and releasing albums, experiencing more changes to the lineup, and collaborating with acts such as the Blind Boys of Alabama, Benson and the band spent the early part of the new millennium developing a musical theater piece about Wills, also called A Ride With Bob. The piece debuted in Austin in 2005 as part of a statewide celebration of Bob Wills’s 100th birthday and featured the members of the band in different roles. A resounding success, the band took A Ride With Bob on numerous tours, in addition to their regular gigs. In 2005 the band also reintroduced female vocals to the group with new member Elizabeth McQueen.
In 2009 Asleep at the Wheel collaborated with another Texas musical icon, Willie Nelson. The album Willie and the Wheel received a Grammy nomination. In 2011 Ray Benson was named Texan of the Year and also honored with the Texas Medal of Arts. Asleep at the Wheel released a third Bob Wills tribute album in 2015, Still the King—Celebrating the Music of Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys. The project brought together an all-star lineup of performers that included George Strait, Willie Nelson, Robert Earl Keen, Reckless Kelly, and Texas Playboys Billy Briggs and Leon Rausch. Asleep at the Wheel was inducted into the Austin City Limits Hall of Fame in 2015.
All Music Guide (www.allmusic.com), accessed July 7, 2010. Asleep at the Wheel Official Site (http://www.asleepatthewheel.com/), accessed September 7, 2015. Deborah Evans Price, “Asleep at the Wheel marks 40 years of western swing,” Billboard, March 12, 2010, on Reuters (http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE62C04820100313), accessed July 7, 2010. Evan Smith, “Ray Benson. Texas Monthly Talks: Evan Smith Sits Down With…,” Texas Monthly (October 2007).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Deirdre Lannon, "Asleep At the Wheel," accessed September 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/xga02.
Uploaded on May 9, 2014. Modified on May 11, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.