Information for Authors

The following information is for authors interested in submitting their work for publication in the Southwestern Historical Quarterly. This page is divided into the following sections:

How to Submit an Article

The Southwestern Historical Quarterly is open to submissions at any time. We have no specific parameters concerning time period, topic, or theme, but the article should make an original contribution to the history of Texas or the American Southwest, broadly understood, and be written in an accessible but scholarly style with citations. We do not require a bibliography.

Authors should examine recent issues of the Southwestern Historical Quarterly and consult this guide thoroughly before submitting a manuscript. Authors who are familiar with the style and practices of the Quarterly often have the best chance for publication. We tend to follow the latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style for article text, but we have an in-house style for citations detailed in the # Style Guide section below.

Authors are required to submit an electronic copy of the article in a recent version of Microsoft Word to [email protected] The title of the article should appear on the manuscript (a title page is not necessary). Articles are reviewed anonymously by Quarterly staff and/or scholars who are experts in the article's subject area to evaluate whether the article is appropriate for the Quarterly. The review process typically takes two to four months.

The entire article, including block quotations, footnotes, and figure captions, should be double-spaced in 12-point Times New Roman font with at least a one-inch margin on all four sides. Notes should be double-spaced and sent as a separate section at the end of the article. All pages of the manuscript should be numbered consecutively throughout. Our length guidelines are flexible, although in most cases we consider forty pages or about 12,000 words (double-spaced, including notes) to be the maximum acceptable length for a manuscript.

An indication of how the article will be illustrated should accompany each submission. If an article is accepted, authors will be responsible for obtaining illustrations, securing the necessary permissions to reproduce illustrations, and paying any required usage fees.

Please contact TSHA Press Staff if you have other questions or concerns.

Copyright Information

Authors will receive two copies of the copyright form from the editor with the first set of proofs. One copy is for the author to sign and return to the editor, and the other is for the author's files. As a condition of publication in the Quarterly, the Texas State Historical Association requires authors to grant the Association the copyright to their contributions. Authors must guarantee that the work is original and that it has not been previously published, or, if previously published in whole or in part, that an assignment of copyright in the name of the Texas State Historical Association has been obtained. After a work has been published in the Quarterly, the Association will grant the author, upon written request, permission to republish the work, subject to the author giving proper credit of prior publication to the Quarterly. If there are any questions about copyright issues, please review Chapter 4 in the Chicago Manual of Style or contact the TSHA publications department. We are generally willing to let authors deposit their articles in institutitional open-access databases one year after publication.

How to Write an Article
by Editor Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell

Southwestern Historical Quarterly editor Mike Campbell offers some suggestions concerning how to design, research, and write an article-length manuscript for publication in the Quarterly:

A vitally important first step is to examine five to ten articles that appeared in recent numbers of the Quarterly. Try to determine the characteristics—in terms of design, research, and writing—that these articles have in common. Also, pay close attention to the mechanics, especially documentation form, of these articles.

Design your study by determining exactly the subject that you intend to research and then describe and analyze in your manuscript. You may begin by saying "I want to look at the Republican Party during Reconstruction in Texas," but once you have acquainted yourself with the existing literature and thought about what is unknown or controversial about the subject, you should narrow your focus to a specific and manageable question. For example, the existing literature may show that Texas Republicans during Reconstruction suffered greatly from intra-party factionalism, but the nature of that factionalism may not be fully explained. Thus your research could focus on answering the question: What explains the factionalism that plagued the Republican Party during Reconstruction in Texas?

Research your manuscript by beginning with general secondary accounts (textbook accounts of Reconstruction in Texas), moving from there to more specific secondary accounts (studies of the Republican Party in Texas or of Reconstruction in Texas) to primary sources (newspapers, manuscript collections left by Republican leaders, journals of the constitutional conventions of Reconstruction, etc.) Use your imagination in the search for primary sources.

Write your manuscript with particular attention to the following:

  1. The Introduction has to explain exactly what you are going to do. Use a nice anecdote or an "artistic" setting of the stage if you like ("Two days before the Twelfth Legislature assembled in Austin, Gov. Edmund J. Davis could no longer contain his anger at the petty feuds that threatened his fledgling party. 'Never,' he wrote to his trusted Republican colleague J. P. Newcomb, 'have I encountered such a band of self-destructive fools.'") However, the introduction must provide historiographical context (what has been written on the subject and where your work fits in it) and the question that your article will answer.
  2. The Body of the Manuscript has to do what you promised in the introduction. Above all, it must be organized so that it is easy to follow, allowing the reader to see that it is related to what you promised. Strive for clarity first; then worry about style.
  3. The Conclusion must summarize exactly what you have proven—and nothing more. Do not make claims that you have not substantiated. If you want to speculate, make it absolutely clear that you are speculating. ("This study suggests ....")

The rules for creating a manuscript that is publishable in a scholarly journal may be summarized as follows:

  1. Tell the readers what you are going to tell them
  2. Tell the readers what you have to tell them
  3. Tell the readers what you told them
  4. Stop

Style Guide

The following is an abbreviated style manual intended for use by contributors to the Southwestern Historical Quarterly and for authors submitting book manuscripts. We also suggest that potential authors refer to previous issues of the Quarterly and examine our books to get a sense of the format and style used. Authors should consult the Chicago Manual of Style for general information pertaining to grammar, style, usage, and much more. We usually defer to the Chicago Manual of Style in most matters. We now use the 17th edition, published in 2017. The manual has an excellent Web site with up-to-date information. For spelling and hyphenation of words we follow Merriam-Webster Unabridged, which is available online.

We most differ from the Chicago Manual of Style in citations.

Please Note:

Documentation should be provided for every factual statement that is not of the most common knowledge. It is permissible for an author to group several citations to a paragraph in a single note at the end of that paragraph, but we ask that citations for two or more paragraphs not be grouped together in one note. In other words, each paragraph that needs documentation should have its own note. If the author chooses to use a single note for a paragraph, we ask that the sources for all quotations be made clear. When a reference covers several pages or several newspaper dates, for instance, the exact page or date from which the quotation is taken should be identified. Notes are numbered consecutively throughout the text by superscript numerals.

In citing archival material, cite in order of smallest grouping to largest, with the repository indicated in parentheses at the end. If a repository or collection is going to be referred to on subsequent references by an abbreviation, please list the selected abbreviation at the end of the note. For example: Ima Hogg Papers, cited hereafter as IHP; Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, cited hereafter as CAH.

Use roman type for "ibid." (which should be used only when referring to the entire previous note) and "et al." In subsequent references to a book or an article, use the author's last name and a shortened title, rather than "loc. cit." or "op. cit." Do not use "passim" or "ff." When citing an entire chapter from a book, use the inclusive page numbers rather than "Chapter 7." When assigning short titles to books for second citations, note that the order of words in the title should not be changed. Multiple citations within a single footnote should be separated by semicolons.

Discursive material in the notes should be limited; if something is important enough to discuss, include it in the text. "See also" references and general bibliographic discussion should be kept to a minimum. A citation should usually mention specific pages within a source that are directly relevant to the article. When a note combines citations with discursive material, the citation should follow the discussion. When a person's name appears for the first time in the discursive part of a note, the name should be cited in full whether or not the full name appears in the text of the article or the name has previously been used in full as part of a citation.

When citing the same source more than once, please use the shorthand format for the given source type.

Keep in mind that the purpose of the notes is to enable other researchers to locate and make use of the sources you have cited. Sufficient detail is required in order to enable other people to find the same information.

Citation Examples by Source Type

Use the following links to navigate to the citation examples for each source type. If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Basic citation:

Samuel P. Huntington, The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations (New York: Vintage Books, 1957), 261 (quotation), 262–264.

Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the Old South (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988), 109–116.

Shorthand Format:

Huntington, The Soldier and the State, 262.

Fox-Genovese, Within the Plantation Household, 109–112.


H. P. N. Gammel (comp.), The Laws of Texas, 1822–1897 (10 vols.; Austin: Gammel Book Co., 1898), I, 1094.

Shorthand Format:

Gammel (comp.), The Laws of Texas, I, 1094.

Edited volume:

Chester V. Kielman (ed.), The University of Texas Archives: A Guide to the Historical Manuscripts Collections in the University of Texas Library (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967), 227.

Shorthand Format:

Kielman (ed.), The University of Texas Archives, 227.

Article in edited volume:

Robin F. Scott, "Wartime Labor Problems and Mexican-Americans in the War," in An Awakened Minority: The Mexican-Americans, ed. Manuel P. Servin (Beverly Hills: Glencoe Press, 1974), 134–142.

Shorthand Format:

Scott, "Wartime Labor Problems and Mexican-Americans in the War," 134.

Author, editor, and/or translator:

Jean Louis Berlandier, The Indians of Texas in 1830, ed. John C. Ewers, trans. Patricia Reading Leclercq (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1969), 2, 24, 105.

Shorthand Format:

Berlandier, The Indians of Texas in 1830, 24.


Raphael P. Thian (comp.), Notes Illustrating the Military Geography of the United States, 1813–1880, ed. John M. Carroll (1881; reprint, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979), 58, 77, 89.

Mattie Austin Hatcher, The Opening of Texas to Foreign Settlement, 1801–1821 (Austin: University of Texas press, 1927; reprint, Philadelphia: Porcupine Press, 1976), 273–274.

Shorthand Format:

Thian (comp.), Notes Illustrating the Military Geography of the United States, 77.

Hatcher, The Opening of Texas to Foreign Settlement, 273.

Later or revised editions:

Clyde White, Administration of Public Welfare (2nd ed.; New York: American Book Co., 1950), 35–55.

Oscar Theodore Barek Jr. and Nelson Manfred Blake, Since 1900: A History of the United States in Our Times (rev. ed.; New York: Macmillan Co., 1952), 217, 223.

Shorthand Format:

White, Administration of Public Welfare, 35–55.

Barek and Blake, Since 1900, 217.

Part of series:

Julian H. Steward (ed.), Handbook of South American Indians, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology no. 143 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1949), 216.

Arthur H. R. Fairchild, Shakespeare and the Arts of Design, University of Missouri Studies, vol. 12 (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1937), 14, 183.

Shorthand Format:

Steward (ed.), Handbook of South American Indians, 216.

Fairchild, Shakespeare and the Arts of Design, 183.

Place and/or date of publication not given in book but found elsewhere:

Joseph M. Dawson, The Spiritual Conquest of the Southwest ([Nashville]: Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, [1927]), 25, 98.

Place and/or date of publication unknown:

Joseph Moore, Job: Patience, Cowardice, or Integrity? (n.p., n.d.), 413–419.

Jeremiah Smith, The Old Gentlemen with White Canes (Cody, Wyo.: [n.p.], 1941), 17, 25.

Jessica Olden, When Flowers Stopped Blooming (Lancaster, Tex.: Blake Printing Co., [n.d.]), 6.

Handbook of Texas (print edition):

Eugene C. Barker, "Stephen Fuller Austin," in Walter Prescott Webb and H. Bailey Carroll (eds.), The Handbook of Texas (2 vols.; Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1952), I, 81–84.

David G. McComb, "Houston, Texas," in Eldon Stephen Branda (ed.), The Handbook of Texas: A Supplement (Austin:Texas State Historical Association, 1976), 407–410.

Stephen L. Hardin, "Battle of the Alamo," in Ron Tyler, Douglas E. Barnett, Roy R. Barkley, Penelope C. Anderson, and Mark F. Odintz (eds.), The New Handbook of Texas (6 vols.; Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1996), I, 83–87.

Margaret Swett Henson, "Samuel May Williams," in Roy R. Barkley and Mark F. Odintz (eds.), The Portable Handbook of Texas (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2000), 971.

Shorthand Format:

Barker, "Stephen Fuller Austin," 83.

Hardin, "Battle of the Alamo," 84–85.

Second reference to Handbook, but to a different entry:

Crystal Sasse Ragsdale, "Germans in Texas," in Branda (ed.), The Handbook of Texas Supplement, 335–336.

"George McKnight," in Tyler, et al. (eds.), The New Handbook of Texas, IV, 423.

Lewis L. Gould, "Lyndon Baines Johnson," in Barkley and Odintz (eds.), The Portable Handbook of Texas, 476-478.


Please note that Arabic numerals instead of Roman numerals are used for the volume numbers of journals regardless of the style in which the journal prints those numbers.

Basic citation:

L. Tuffly Ellis, "Maritime Commerce on the Far Western Gulf, 1861–1865," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 77 (October 1973): 167–226.

No publication month:

Jere Franco, "The Alabama-Coushatta and Their Texas Friends," East Texas Historical Journal 27, No. 1 (1989): 33, 36.

Shorthand Format:

Ellis, "Maritime Commerce on the Far Western Gulf," 172–173.


City appears in the masthead:

Austin American-Statesman, Mar. 22, June 4, 1927.

Houston Press, Mar. 10, 1930.

Dallas Morning News, May 12, 1954.

City does not appear in the masthead:

Gazeta constitucional de Nuevo León (Monterrey), Jan. 14, Feb. 23, 1829.

Texas State Gazette (Austin), Nov. 15, 1856.

For references to newspapers published in sections, please include the name, number, or letter of the section as well as the page number. References to a specific article may also include the author's name and title of the article. See the Chicago Manual of Style, 15.236.

Archival Materials

Archival citations list the information from the specific to the general. The respository and its location should be the last thing in the citation.


Harry Yandell Benedict, "History of the University of Texas" (3 vols.; typescript), I, 5, Harry Yandell Benedict Papers (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin), cited hereafter as CAH.

Shorthand Format:

Benedict, "History of the University of Texas" (3 vols.; typescript), I, 5, Benedict Papers.


O. M. Roberts to Marble Falls Standard, June 27, 1896, photostat in Oran M. Roberts folder, Clippings File: Biographical (CAH).


James Magoffin to the Committee of El Paso County, Aug. 5, 1852, Governors' Papers: Peter H. Bell (Archives Division, Texas State Library, Austin).

Shorthand Format:

James Magoffin to the Committee of El Paso County, Aug. 5, 1852, Governors' Papers: Bell.

Record groups:

John A. Williams to Political Chief at Nacogdoches, July 3, 1835, copy in Domestic Correspondence, Secretary of State Records, RG 307 (Archives Division, Texas State Library, Austin).

Shorthand Format:

W. B. Travis to S. F. Austin, Nov. 16, 1835, Provisional Government Letterbook, State Department Letterbook No. 3, pp. 75–76, RG 307.

If there are record groups with the same number at different archives and you are citing both, the name of the archive must be included in the subsequent citations as well as the record group number.

University of Texas and Texas A&M University records:

University of Texas Board of Regents Minutes, vol. F, July 10, 1923, p. 143, Archives of the Board of Regents (Ashbel Smith Hall, Austin).

University of Texas Board of Regents Minutes, vol. A, 65 (microfilm; Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin).

Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas Board of Directors Minutes, vol. 4, Nov. 26, 1924, p. 27 (Director's Office, Texas A&M University).

Shorthand Format:

Regents Minutes, vol. F, July 29, 1924, p. 287.

Directors Minutes, vol. 4, Jan. 7, 1925, p. 25.

Historical Files, Chancellor's Records (Archives, Texas A&M University Library).

County records:

Title Bond, William J. Bryan to William N. Hall, Aug. 22, 1866, Book H: pp.88–89, Brazos County Deed Records, Brazos County Courthouse, Bryan, Texas.

Shorthand Format:

Title Bond, William J. Bryan to William N. Hall.

Congressional Records

William H. Emory, Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, 91, H. Exec. Doc. 135, 34th Cong., 1st Sess., 1856 (Serial 861).

Congressional Globe, 31st Cong., 1st Sess. (1850), 244–245.

Minutes of the Joint Boundary Commission, Feb. 15, 1850, S. Exec. Doc. 119, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 32nd Cong., 1st Sess., 1852 (Serial 626), 65.

Public Law 88-352, July 2, 1964, United States Statutes at Large, 1964, 78 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1965), 241–245, 246 (quotation), 247–268.

Shorthand Format

John Russell Bartlett to Lt. Amiel W. Whipple, Dec. 15, 1850, S. Exec. Doc. 119, 32nd Cong., 1st Sess., 32.

Public Law 88-352, United States Statutes at Large, 1964, 246–249, 252–253.

National Archives

"Military Records of Colonel George L. Andrews, 25th Infantry, U.S.A.," Adjutant General's Office, Record Group 94 (National Archives).

George L. Andrews to Adjutant General, U.S. Army, Sept. 20, 1873, Adjutant General's Office, Letterbook, vol. 16, p. 103, RG 94 (National Archives).

James D. Lucas to John M. Clayton, May 18, 1849. Despatches from United States Consuls in Ciudad Juárez (El Paso del Norte), 1850–1906, General Records of the Department of State, RG 59 (microfilm: National Archives).

If there are record groups with the same number at different archives and you are citing both, the name of the archive must be included in the second citation.


U.S. Department of the Interior, Census Office, Report on the Social Statistics of Cities, comp. George E. Waring Jr., vols. 18 and 19 of the reports of the tenth census (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1886–1887), XIX, 305.

United States Seventh Census (1950), Matagorda County, Texas, Schedule 1 (Free Inhabitants), Record Group 29 (National Archives, Washington, D.C.).

United States Tenth Census (1880), and United States Twelth Census (1900), Travis County, Texas, Population Schedules, City of Austin (microfilm; Austin-Travis County Collection, Austin Public Library; cited hereafter as ATCC).

U.S. Bureau of the Census, Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930. Unemployment (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931), I, 952–953.

Dissertations and theses

David C. De Boe, "United States Policy at the Geneva Disarmament Conference, 1932–1934" (Ph.D. diss., Tulane University, 1969), 47.

Stephen Joseph Kraus, "Water, Sewers, and Streets: The Acquisition of Public Utilities in Austin, Texas, 1875–1930" (M.A. thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1973), 16.

Shorthand Format:

De Boe, "United States Policy at the Geneva Disarmament Conference," 47.

Kraus, "Water, Sewers, and Streets," 16.

Interviews and correspondence

Emory Carlson to Debbie Cottrell, Oct. 20, 1987, interview (tapes in possession of the author).

Bruce Marshall to J. M. Nance, Apr. 18, 1976 (original in possession of author).

George B. Ward to Jerry D. Thompson, Nov. 1, 1999, e-mail (printed copy in possession of the author).

Shorthand Format:

Carlson to Cottrell, Oct. 20, 1987 (interview).

Marshall to Nance, Apr. 18, 1976.

Ward to Thompson, Nov. 1, 1999.

Internet sources

Web sites:

"Samuel E. Chamberlain's My Confession," <> [Acessed Apr. 26, 2010].

The Handbook of Texas Online:

"Gilmer, Texas," The Handbook of Texas Online, <> [Accessed Apr. 26, 2010].

Listserv Messages:

Ricky Dobbs, "Review: Cantrell, Stephen F. Austin: Empresario of Texas," H-TEXAS, [email protected], Dec. 9, 1999. Archived at:



Stephen Fuller Austin, Map of Texas (Philadelphia: H. S. Tanner, 1830).


Nicholas Rightor, "Map of the Country Between the Brassos and La Baca Rivers," 1822, Stephen F. Austin Map Collection (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin).

From book:

a published map: Thomas Gamaliel Bradford, Texas, 1835, in Robert Sidney Martin and James C. Martin, Contours of Discovery: Printed Maps Delineating the Texas and Southwestern Chapters in the Cartographic History of North America, 1513–1930. A User's Guide (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1982), 25.

a manuscript map: José Maria Puelles, "Mapa Geografica de las Provincias Septentrionales de Esta Nueva Espana," in Matin and Martin, Contours of Discovery, 22.


Texas, from The New Encyclopedia Atlas and Gazetter of the World, 1917 (PCL Map Collection) <> [Accessed Feb. 5, 2001].

Shorthand Format:

Austin, Map of Texas.

Rightor, "Map of the Country Between the Brassos and La Baca Rivers."

Bradford, Texas, in Martin and Martin, Contours of Discovery, 25.



Slim Willet, "Roughneck," Texas Oil Patch Songs by Slim Willet, Winston LP 1040 (1959).

Shorthand Format:

Willet, "Roughneck."


Illustrations are an important component of our books and Quarterly articles. Authors should indicate upon submission how articles and books will be illustrated. They should provide photocopies of potential illustrations, information regarding the sources of these illustrations, and captions and credits for the illustrations with their submission. Every article in the Quarterly must have at least one illustration for its opening spread, and each article can accommodate from five to ten images. For books and articles, authors should indicate in the margin or within the text of the manuscripts approximately where each illustration should appear, and they should use a numbering system for each illustration that identifies the order in which the illustration will appear (see caption discussion below). If an article or book is accepted for publication and the editors choose to use some or all of the illustrations accompanying the submission, the author will be responsible for providing either digital images of those illustrations. We prefer to use JPEG or TIFF files. Your editor can advise you regarding the best way to submit digital images for reproduction.

Authors are responsible for ordering prints or digital files of the illustrations that will be used with their articles. When a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author should immediately order and collect the images to ensure that the editors have them in hand when production begins.

For books with many illustrations, captions and illustrations should be numbered to correspond to the chapter and order in which they will appear (e.g., illustration 1.1 is the first illustration in chapter 1). These numbers should be used in the text to designate the location of each illustration.

Captions for artwork, daguerreotypes, and the like should include the title or subject of the work, the name of the artist, the date, the medium, the dimensions (height by width in feet and inches), and a credit line, in that order. When dimensions are given for an image that has been copied from a book or other printed matter, rather than from the original, they should refer to the size of the original itself, rather than to the size at which it was reproduced. Authors are responsible for securing necessary permissions to reproduce illustrations and for paying the usage fees for the illustrations.


All tabular material should be separate from the text, in a series of tables numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance in the text. Each table should be printed on a separate page, double-spaced, and identified by a short descriptive title centered at the top. Notes for tables appear at the bottom of each table and are marked with lowercase superscript letters. Indicate in the text approximately where each table should appear in the text. Do not embed tables as part of the article; save tables as a separate file.

Biographical Information & Acknowlegements

For both books and articles, an author should provide a brief biographical statement that is separate from the text and notes, so that it can be easily removed for the peer review process. This is also the place for an author to thank individuals and institutions for assistance. If an article is accepted for publication in the Quarterly, the acknowledgment will become the first unnumbered note. Such acknowledgments should be brief. For book-length manuscripts acknowledgments and biographical information should be saved as separate files.