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Struggle and Success: African Americans in Texas


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Struggle and Success


While African Americans have been subjected to the cruelties of slavery, segregation, and discrimination during the long history of Texas, they have made significant contributions to the growth and development of the state. Having overcome these terrible obstacles, it is important to document African American influence on Texas policies, social standards, and culture. Today, TSHA operates the Handbook of African American Texas to ensure the stories of the African American experience are shared.

In Struggle and Success, you will discover:

  • A brief overview of the history of African Americans in Texas, as well as their involvement in Texas politics

  • Biographies on some of the prominent political and civil rights leaders from Texas, such as Barbara C. Jordan and James L. Farmer, Jr.

  • Profiles on the African American leaders in business, law, education, science, and medicine

Articles from the Southwestern Historical Quarterly focusing on desegregation and the fight for civil rights in Houston

Published 2016


Table of Contents

  1. African Americans
  2. African Americans and Politics
  3. Barbara C. Jordan
  4. Matthew Gaines
  5. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  6. James L. Farmer Jr.
  7. Antonio Maceo Smith
  8. Mark H. Hannah Jr.
  9. Percy P. Creuzot Jr.
  10. Aloysius M. Wickliff Sr.
  11. Richard D. Evans
  12. Carter W. Wesley
  13. Julia S. Reed
  14. Education for African Americans
  15. Isaiah Q. Hurdle
  16. Nathaniel Q. Henderson
  17. Samuel W. Houston
  18. Emmett J. Conrad
  19. Connie Y. Conner
  20. Black Professional Baseball in Texas (Texas Almanac)
  21. Eugene (Gene) T. Upshaw Jr.
  22. Curtis C. Flood
  23. Duke-Peacock Records
  24. Sam (Lightnin’) Hopkins
  25. Henry (Ragtime Texas) Thomas
  26. Buffalo Soldiers
  27. Bessie Coleman
  28. Southwestern Historical Quarterly Selected Articles