This river has had many names. It was known as "Posoge" ("Big River") by
the Pueblo Indians. The Spanish expedition of Hernando de Alvarado
called it Rio de Nuestra Senora in 1540. It was called the River of May
by three British Sailors in 1568. By 1598, it was called the Rio Bravo
by the Spanish, and in modern Mexico is still known as Rio Bravo del
Norte. Its total length is estimated to be 1,896 miles. Which river is
On April 21, 1836, Texas won its independence on the banks of this
river. The Houston Ship Channel, which links the Port of Houston to
Galveston Bay, includes the lower course of this river. Which river is
This river forms most of the eastern boundary of Texas. The river flows
for 555 miles. It has long been the site of human habitation, with
evidence of settlements 12,000 years ago by the Clovis culture. The
river's name comes from a similar Spanish word, meaning "cypress," and
refers to the great growth of cypress trees along the lower river. What
river is it?
Perhaps one of the most important rivers in Texas history, this river is
shorter than the Rio Grande, but is the longest river in Texas, running
about 840 miles. It has seven principal tributaries, including the
Navasota River. The colonial capital of Texas, San Felipe de Austin, was
founded on its banks. When Texas became a republic, two of its first
capitals adjoined its banks. In Goodbye to a River, John Graves
gave an account of his journey in a canoe down this river in the late
1950's. Which river is it?
This river is a tributary of the Rio Grande, which it parallels for much
of its 900 miles. It was once named "Rio de las Vacas" by the Spanish
("river of cows"), due to the large number of buffalo in the vicinity.
The river originates in New Mexico, and has been the source of
significant disputes between Texas and New Mexico over irrigation
rights, the most recent of which was settled by the United States
Supreme Court in 1987.
This is the largest river which is wholly in Texas, covering about 600
miles. Its name came from the Spanish word for "red," which is evidently
a misnomer, for the water is quite clear. The river was used as an
inland route by colonists, including the Old Three Hundred. It passes by
the current state capital, La Grange, Columbus and Wharton. Which river
This river rises in two forks in western Kerr county. Its principal
tributaries are the Comal and San Marcos rivers. Its banks were
populated for thousands of years by the Tonkawa and other Indian tribes.
In 1825, the town of Gonzalez was founded along this river. A marker on
the south bank commemorates the firing of the first shot for Texas
independence. Which river is it?
This river is said by some to be the shortest in the United States,
flowing about three miles southeast from its source to the Guadalupe
River. Most of the land around the river has been developed by the town
of New Braunfels. The abundant and reliable flow of the river provided
power for the New Braunfels gristmills and sawmills. Which river is it?
This river originates in Bexar County and empties into the Guadalupe
River. The Medina River is one of its principal tributaries. The river
is one that was crossed by Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca in his journey
across Texas in 1535. Its banks are the sites of many of the early
Spanish missions, including the mission at Goliad. It is one of the most
popular rivers in Texas, including the famed "Paseo del Rio". Which
river is it?
The city of Dallas was founded on the east bank of this river in 1841,
by John Neely Bryan. The river is dammed in San Jacinto County to form
Lake Livingston. The river was explored by La Salle in 1687, who called
it the River of the Canoes. It has long been a candidate for interior
navigation, given its route from Dallas to the Gulf of Mexico. Which
river is it?