TEKS Expectation 7.2A

7.2A Compare the cultures of American Indians in Texas prior to European colonization such as Gulf, Plains, Puebloan, and Southeastern.
Belongs to Statement 7.2: The student understands how individuals, events, and issues through the Mexican National Era shaped the history of Texas.

Teach this expectation using entries from our Handbook

Our Handbook entries are written by volunteer historians and professionals, reviewed by TSHA staff, vetted by scholars, and approved by the TSHA Chief Historian.


Teacher & Community Submitted Resources

Title
A History of Collin County, Texas
A History of Smith County, Texas
A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas
A New History of Texas for Schools -1895
A Pictorial History of Texas, from the Earliest Visits of European Adventurers, to A.D. 1879
A Southern Community in Crisis: Harrison County, Texas, 1850-1880
A Texas Scrap-Book: Made Up of the History, Biography, and Miscellany of Texas and Its People
A Wild and Vivid Land: An Illustrated History of the South Texas Border
A Witness to Westward Expansion
Alabama-Coushatta Indians
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
Apache Indians
Arnie Armadillo and the Texas Heroes - Samuel 'Sam' Houston
Atakapa Indians
Bexar Archives Online
Bicentennial Library Exhibit About Native Americans
Big-Game Hunters
Cabeza de Vaca Meets the Coahuiltecans
Caddo Indians
Caddoan Mounds State Historic Site
Caddos
Carmen Calvillo
Cherokee Indians
Cherokee Place Names in the Southeastern United States
Cherokee War
Coahuiltecan Indians
Colonial Challenges Austin Faced
Colonial Texas
Colonization Through Annexation
Comanche Boy, Sherman Poco
Comanche Flute Music
Comanche Indians
Coushatta Indians
Curriculum Guide for Teaching Texas History
Deaf Smith County Museum Interior
Debating for Land Lesson Plan
Donated Maps Help Save Texas History and Illustrate Early American Independence
Drawing Our Lives: Plains Indian Ledger Art Revisited
Early Farmers
El Mesquite
Empresario System in Texas
Encyclopedia of Western Gunfighters
European Exploration
Famous Gunfighters and Feuds
Fate of Spanish Mission Changed Face of West Texas
From San Antonio to the Panhandle: Texas Pioneer Women
From ship to ship, Texas A&M conservationists restore history.
Geronimo, Apache
Guide for Lesson Plans: Excerpts from Curriculum Guide for Texas History
Handbook of African American Texas
Hasinai indians
Heritage Summer 2001
Heritage Volume 14 Winter 1996
Heritage Volume 18 #4 Fall 2000
Heritage, Volume 4 2007
Historical Map Collection
History of Texas: from Its First Settlement in 1685 to Its Annexation to the United States in 1846, Volume 1
I Would Rather Sleep In Texas: A History of the Lower Rio Grande Valley and the People of the Santa Anita Land Grant
Image Gallery for the Curriculum Guide For Teaching Texas History
Imaginary Kingdom: Texas as Seen by the Rivera and Rubi Military Expeditions, 1727 and 1767
Indian Depredations in Texas
Indian Man
Indian Relations
Indian Relations in Texas
Indian Territory
Indian Woman and Papoose
Indians
Introduction to the Tavern Stage of Texas Gunfights
Introduction to the Tavern Stage of Texas Gunfights
Jane Long
John Charles Beales’s Rio Grande Colony: by Edward Ludecus, a German Colonist to Friends in Germany in 1833-1834 ...
Jumano Indians
Karankawa Indians
Kickapoo Indians
Kiowa Indians
Kwahadi Dancers
La Salle in Texas - Teacher's Guide for the Age of Discovery and Exploration
Land and Liberty: The Saga of Sam McCulloch
Learn About Texas Indians
Lesson Ideas for A Destined Conflict Lesson Plan
Lipan-Warrior
Lone Elk, Sioux Chief
Lone Star Leadership Academy
Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico 1828, from The Holcomb Digital Map Collection
Maria del Carmen Calvillo
Mexican Texas
Mexican Texas to Independence
Mexican-American Heritage: Texas Experiences Social Studies, Grade 7
Mexico opens Texas to Americans who come to claim it as their own
Midland Minnie
Miss Clack and Indian
More Famous Gunfights and Locations
Mother and Daughter in Camp Fire Costumes
Native American Cultures: Pueblo and Plains
Native American Cultures: Southeastern, Gulf, and Plains
Native Americans in Tejas : An Overview
Native Texans
New Texas History Movies
Patarabueye Indians
Prehistoric Texas
Prehistory
Pueblo Indians
Red Cloud
Running Bear
Sam Houston: American Statesman, Soldier, and Pioneer
Settlement of Spanish and Mexican Texas
Spanish Missions of Texas
Spanish Missions of Texas Supplemental
Spanish Texas
Stephen F. Austin: Empresario of Texas: Texas Talk Questions and Answers
Tejanos Through Time - TSHA ebook
Texas and the Texans; or, Advance of the Anglo-Americans to the South-West; including a history of leading events in Mexico
Texas Civil War Indian Trouble Memorial, Irion County
Texas Digital Newspaper Program
Texas Experiences: Mexican-American Heritage
Texas Forts
Texas History Looping Cards
Texas History Practice Cards
Texas History Snippets Interactive Map: Roads and Places of the Texas Revolution
Texas Indians: Pueblo and Plains Cultures
Texas Indians: Southeastern, Gulf, and Plains Cultures
Texas Originals: Carlos E. Castañeda
Texas Originals: Clara Driscoll
Texas Originals: Fray Damián Massanet
Texas Originals: Lorenzo de Zavala
Texas Originals: Mary Austin Holley
Texas Originals: Miriam "Ma" Ferguson
Texas Originals: Roy Bedichek
Texas Originals: Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
Texas Pioneer Women: Enterprising Women in the West
Texas Pioneer Women: Legacies
Texas Pioneer Women: Mexican Era
Texas Pioneer Women: Q&A
Texas Pioneer Women: Spanish Era
Texas Pioneer Women: Statehood Era
Texas Talk with State Historian of Texas Bill O'Neal: Gunslingers in Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Bernardo de Galvez
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Bernardo de Galvez - Questions and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Bernardo de Galvez - Questions and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Spain at War and the Acquisition of Louisiana
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Spain at War and the Acquisition of Louisiana
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Bernardo de Galvez, Governor Of New Orleans
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Bernardo de Galvez, Governor Of New Orleans
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Contrasting Cultures: Patricia de Garza de Leon and Petra Vela Vidal Kennedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Contrasting Cultures: Patricia de Leon and Petra Vela Kenedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Introduction of Petra Vela Kenedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Patricia de Leon's Legal Battles and Legacy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Patricia de Leon, Mexico's Independence, and Texas Empressarios
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Petra Vela Vidal Kennedy and Mifflin Kenedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Politics in the de Leon colony (Victoria Colony)
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Politics in the de Leon colony (Victoria Colony)
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Politics in the de Leon colony (Victoria Colony)
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Questions and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: The Tribulations Of Bernardo De Galvez
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: The Tribulations Of Bernardo De Galvez
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Understanding the Galvez Family
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Understanding the Galvez Family
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Cantrell Stephen F. Austin: Empresario of Texas: Full Texas Talk
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Come and Take It! Gonzales Cannons - Part 1
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Come and Take It! Gonzales Cannons - Part 2
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Full Webinar on the Gonzales Cannons
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Question and Answers on the Gonzales Cannon
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Question and Answers on the Gonzales Cannon
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: On the Condition of Spanish Presidios in 18th Century Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: On the Impact of the Marqués de Rubí on Spanish Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: On the Importance of the Marqués de Rubí on Spanish Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: Spanish Regulations for Presidios in Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marques de Rubi Question and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marques de Rubi Question and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marqués de Rubí Journey
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marqués de Rubí Journey
Texas Talks with the State Historian of Texas Bill O'Neal: Conclusion
Texas Talks with the State Historian of Texas Bill O'Neal: Question and Answers
Texas Talks: Dr. Carolina Castillo Crimm: The Legacy of Bernardo Galvez
Texas Talks: Dr. Gregg Dimmick discusses Mexican side of the Story of the Gonzales' Cannon.
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Companias Volantes, Part 4
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Emma Tenayuca, Part 5
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Jose de la luz Saenz, Part 3
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Mexican Independence, Part 6
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, The Tejano Monument, Part 2
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, The TSHA Handbook of Tejano History, Part 1
Texas Talks:Dr. Gregg Dimmick discusses Come and Take it! Gonzales Cannons - Part 3
The Arrest of Stephen F. Austin and the Seeds of Texas Independence
The Encyclopedia of Texas, Volume 1
The Evolution of Early "Six Shooter" Technology
The Evolution of Firearm Combat from Horseback
The Indian Papers of Texas and the Southwest, 1825-1916
The Journey of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca and his companions from Florida to the Pacific, 1528-1536
The Karankawa Indians, the Coast People of Texas
The Memoirs of Santa Anna
The Old Red Museum of Dallas County History and Culture School Group Visits
The Portable Handbook of Texas
The Samuel May Williams Home: The Life and Neighborhood of an Early Galveston Entrepreneur
The Spanish Missions in Texas
The Story of Corpus Christi
The Texas Revolution
Tigua Indians
Tonkawa Indians
Tunisons Texas and Indian Territory
Willie Nelson and the Austin Music Scene
Women Across Texas History
Yaqui Indian in brush
Yellow Hand

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