TEKS Expectation 7.2B

7.2B Identify important individuals, events, and issues related to European exploration of Texas such as Alonso Álvarez de Pineda, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, the search for gold, and the conflicting territorial claims between France and Spain.
Belongs to Statement 7.2: The student understands how individuals, events, and issues through the Mexican National Era shaped the history of Texas.

Teach this expectation using entries from our Handbook

Our Handbook entries are written by volunteer historians and professionals, reviewed by TSHA staff, vetted by scholars, and approved by the TSHA Chief Historian.


Teacher & Community Submitted Resources

Title
Alonso Alvarez de Pineda
15 Minute History: Texas and the American Revolution?
A History of Collin County, Texas
A History of Smith County, Texas
A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas
A New History of Texas for Schools -1895
A Pictorial History of Texas, from the Earliest Visits of European Adventurers, to A.D. 1879
A Southern Community in Crisis: Harrison County, Texas, 1850-1880
A Texas Scrap-book
A Texas Scrap-Book: Made Up of the History, Biography, and Miscellany of Texas and Its People
A Wild and Vivid Land: An Illustrated History of the South Texas Border
A Witness to Westward Expansion
Alamo de Parras
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
Arnie Armadillo and the Texas Heroes - Samuel 'Sam' Houston
At the Debates: Rick Perry and Galileo
Bexar Archives Online
Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas
Cabeza de Vaca
Cabeza de Vaca Meets the Coahuiltecans
Carmen Calvillo
Catholic Church
Colonial Challenges Austin Faced
Colonial Life in Texas
Colonial Texas
Colonization Through Annexation
Comanche Flute Music
Contours of Discovery: Printed Maps Delineating the Texas and Southwestern Chapters in the Cartographic History of North America
Coronado Expedition
Corpus Christi de la Ysleta
Coushatta Indians
Curriculum Guide for Teaching Texas History
Death on Board LaBelle
DeWitts Colony
Digging Deeper:Mission San Saba
Documents of Texas History
Donated Maps Help Save Texas History and Illustrate Early American Independence
El Llano Estacado: Exploration and Imagination on the High Plains of Texas and New Mexico, 1536-1860
El Mesquite
El Paso and the Oldest Mission in Texas
Empresario System in Texas
Empresarios Wanted
Encyclopedia of Western Gunfighters
Erasmo and Juan Seguin
Erasmo and Juan Seguin
Estevanico
European Exploration
Expediente of Lorenzo de Zavala's 1829 colonization contract
Exploration
Explorers of Texas
Famous Gunfighters and Feuds
Fate of Spanish Mission Changed Face of West Texas
Franciscan Missionaries in Texas before 1690
Francisco Vazquez de Coronado
French
From a Watery Grave: The Discovery and Excavation of La Salle's Shirpwreck, La Belle
From San Antonio to the Panhandle: Texas Pioneer Women
From ship to ship, Texas A&M conservationists restore history.
German Pioneers in Texas; A Brief History of Their Hardships, Struggles and Achievements
Guide for Lesson Plans: Excerpts from Curriculum Guide for Texas History
Guide to Texas Emigrants
Handbook of African American Texas
Harriett Joseph
Historical Map Collection
History of Texas: from Its First Settlement in 1685 to Its Annexation to the United States in 1846, Volume 1
History of the Alamo and of the Local Franciscan Missions
I Would Rather Sleep In Texas: A History of the Lower Rio Grande Valley and the People of the Santa Anita Land Grant
Image Gallery for the Curriculum Guide For Teaching Texas History
Imaginary Kingdom: Texas as Seen by the Rivera and Rubi Military Expeditions, 1727 and 1767
Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown
Introduction to the Tavern Stage of Texas Gunfights
Introduction to the Tavern Stage of Texas Gunfights
Jane Long
Jean Stuntz
Jo Ann Stiles
John Charles Beales’s Rio Grande Colony: by Edward Ludecus, a German Colonist to Friends in Germany in 1833-1834 ...
Juan de Onate
La Belle and Fort St. Louis
La Salle Expedition
La Salle in Texas - Teacher's Guide for the Age of Discovery and Exploration
Lady In Blue
Land and Liberty: The Saga of Sam McCulloch
Lesson Ideas for A Destined Conflict Lesson Plan
Life in a Spanish Mission
Lone Star Leadership Academy
Lorenzo de Zavala
Lorenzo de Zavala Online: Empresario, Statesman and Texas Revolutionary
Los Tejanos Lesson Plans and Activities
Map of the British and French Settlements in North America
Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico 1828, from The Holcomb Digital Map Collection
Marcos de Niza
Maria del Carmen Calvillo
Martin de Leon
Martin de Leon
Memorial and Biographical History of Ellis County
Mexican Texas
Mexican Texas to Independence
Mexican-American Heritage: Texas Experiences Social Studies, Grade 7
Mexico opens Texas to Americans who come to claim it as their own
Mission Architecture
More Famous Gunfights and Locations
Moscoso Expedition
New Texas History Movies
Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches Mission
Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion de Acuna Mission
Nuestra Senora del Refugio
Panfilo de Narvaez
Papers concerning Robertsons Colony in Texas, Volume 10
Prehistoric Texas
Presidios
Reasons for Exploration
Rene Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle
Sam Houston: American Statesman, Soldier, and Pioneer
San Antonio Missions
San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission
Settlement of Spanish and Mexican Texas
Seven Cities of Cibola
Spanish Influence in Texas
Spanish Mapping of Texas
Spanish Missions
Spanish Missions of Texas
Spanish Missions of Texas Supplemental
Spanish Texas
Spanish Texas
Stephen F. Austin: Empresario of Texas: Texas Talk Questions and Answers
Tejanos Through Time - TSHA ebook
Texas and the Texans; or, Advance of the Anglo-Americans to the South-West; including a history of leading events in Mexico
Texas Digital Newspaper Program
Texas Experiences: Mexican-American Heritage
Texas Forts
Texas History Coloring Book
Texas History Looping Cards
Texas History Mini-Qs from The DBQ Project
Texas History Practice Cards
Texas History Snippets Interactive Map: Roads and Places of the Texas Revolution
Texas Indian Troubles
Texas Originals: Carlos E. Castañeda
Texas Originals: Clara Driscoll
Texas Originals: Fray Damián Massanet
Texas Originals: Lorenzo de Zavala
Texas Originals: Mary Austin Holley
Texas Originals: Miriam "Ma" Ferguson
Texas Originals: Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
Texas Pioneer Women: Enterprising Women in the West
Texas Pioneer Women: Legacies
Texas Pioneer Women: Mexican Era
Texas Pioneer Women: Q&A
Texas Pioneer Women: Spanish Era
Texas Pioneer Women: Statehood Era
Texas Talk with State Historian of Texas Bill O'Neal: Gunslingers in Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Bernardo de Galvez
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Bernardo de Galvez - Questions and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Bernardo de Galvez - Questions and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Spain at War and the Acquisition of Louisiana
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm - Spain at War and the Acquisition of Louisiana
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Bernardo de Galvez, Governor Of New Orleans
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Bernardo de Galvez, Governor Of New Orleans
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Contrasting Cultures: Patricia de Garza de Leon and Petra Vela Vidal Kennedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Contrasting Cultures: Patricia de Leon and Petra Vela Kenedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Introduction of Petra Vela Kenedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Patricia de Leon's Legal Battles and Legacy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Patricia de Leon's Legal Battles and Legacy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Patricia de Leon, Mexico's Independence, and Texas Empressarios
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Petra Vela Vidal Kennedy and Mifflin Kenedy
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Politics in the de Leon colony (Victoria Colony)
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Politics in the de Leon colony (Victoria Colony)
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Politics in the de Leon colony (Victoria Colony)
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Questions and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: The Tribulations Of Bernardo De Galvez
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: The Tribulations Of Bernardo De Galvez
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Understanding the Galvez Family
Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Understanding the Galvez Family
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Cantrell Stephen F. Austin: Empresario of Texas: Full Texas Talk
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Come and Take It! Gonzales Cannons - Part 1
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Come and Take It! Gonzales Cannons - Part 2
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Full Webinar on the Gonzales Cannons
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Question and Answers on the Gonzales Cannon
Texas Talks with Dr. Gregg Dimmick: Question and Answers on the Gonzales Cannon
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: King Charles' Reform in 18th Century Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: On the Condition of Spanish Presidios in 18th Century Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: On the Impact of the Marqués de Rubí on Spanish Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: On the Importance of the Marqués de Rubí on Spanish Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: Spanish Regulations for Presidios in Texas
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marques de Rubi Question and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marques de Rubi Question and Answers
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marqués de Rubí Journey
Texas Talks with Dr. Rick McCaslin: The Marqués de Rubí Journey
Texas Talks with the State Historian of Texas Bill O'Neal: Conclusion
Texas Talks with the State Historian of Texas Bill O'Neal: Question and Answers
Texas Talks: Dr. Carolina Castillo Crimm: The Legacy of Bernardo Galvez
Texas Talks: Dr. Gregg Dimmick discusses Mexican side of the Story of the Gonzales' Cannon.
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Companias Volantes, Part 4
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Emma Tenayuca, Part 5
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Jose de la luz Saenz, Part 3
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, Mexican Independence, Part 6
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, The Tejano Monument, Part 2
Texas Talks: Talking Tejano History, The TSHA Handbook of Tejano History, Part 1
Texas Talks:Dr. Gregg Dimmick discusses Come and Take it! Gonzales Cannons - Part 3
Texas, the Home for the Emigrant, from Everywhere
The Alamo
The Arrest of Stephen F. Austin and the Seeds of Texas Independence
The Encyclopedia of Texas, Volume 1
The Evolution of Early "Six Shooter" Technology
The Evolution of Firearm Combat from Horseback
The First Official Permanent Civilian Settlement
The First Thanksgiving
The Forgotton Colony: San Patricio de Hibernia
The Fort St. Louis Archeological Project
The Indian Papers of Texas and the Southwest, 1825-1916
The Journey of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca and his companions from Florida to the Pacific, 1528-1536
The Journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas
The La Salle Expedition on the Mississippi River: A Lost Manuscript of Nicolas de La Salle, 1682
The Memoirs of Santa Anna
The Old Red Museum of Dallas County History and Culture School Group Visits
The Origins of the Camino Real in Texas
The Portable Handbook of Texas
The Samuel May Williams Home: The Life and Neighborhood of an Early Galveston Entrepreneur
The Spanish Missions in Texas
The Story of Corpus Christi
The Texas Revolution
Willie Nelson and the Austin Music Scene
Women Across Texas History

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