Texas Day by Day

On this day in Texas history…

Catholic Diocese of Galveston established

May 4th, 1847

https://www.tshaonline.org/images/handbook/entries/Ursuline Academy building in 1900
Image taken at random from the related Handbook of Texas entry, Ursuline Sisters

On this day in 1847, Pope Pius IX established the Catholic Diocese of Galveston and named Jean Marie Odin the new diocese's first bishop. Odin, born in France in 1800, had come to Texas in 1840 to revive Catholicism there in the wake of the secularization of the missions and the Texas Revolution. The Diocese of Galveston initially encompassed an area of almost 360,000 square miles, including all of Texas as well as parts of present Oklahoma, New Mexico, Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming. Odin and twelve priests served the 20,000 widely scattered Catholics in this vast new see, which also included ten established churches and a convent of Ursuline Sisters; understandably, the early clergy became known as "saddle priests" because of their extensive travel on horseback. Odin's notable career in Texas ended in 1861, when the Vatican nominated him to become the second archbishop of New Orleans; he died in France in 1870. The Diocese of Galveston underwent the first of many divisions in 1874, when the Diocese of San Antonio and the Vicariate Apostolic of Brownsville were established. The Diocese of Galveston became the Diocese of Galveston-Houston under Bishop Wendelin Joseph Nold in the mid-twentieth century.

Want even more?

Texas on This Day book cover image

Get even more daily history in this fascinating book! Arranged by day of the year to allow the reader to see into the past on any specific day, from 1528 to the present.

Purchase at Legacy of Texas »