Texas Day by Day
On this day in Texas history…
Ninetieth Division activated at Camp Travis
August 25th, 1917
On this day in 1917, the Ninetieth Division of the U.S. Army was activated at Camp Travis, Texas. It was initially composed of members from Texas and Oklahoma. It became known as the "Tough Ombres," "Texas' Own," or the Alamo Division. It adopted the monogram insignia T-O in France during World War I. The division set up headquarters in France in 1918 and saw action in Lorraine and in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne operations. After the Armistice the Ninetieth did occupation duty in Germany and came home in 1919 for demobilization. The division was reactivated at Camp Barkeley, Texas, in 1942. It fought on D-Day and in subsequent campaigns in Normandy, southern France, the Ardennes, the Rhineland, and Central Europe. Of its men in World War II, 2,963 were killed, 143,009 wounded, 1,052 missing, and 442 captured. The Ninetieth was on occupation duty in Germany until 1945, then was deactivated at Camp Shanks, New York, in December. The division was reactivated in 1947 as a part of the Organized Reserve Corps. It was not mobilized for Vietnam but has served in various humanitarian activities and played a major role in the Persian Gulf.